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Describe a Case Study Approach
Case study refers to the displaying of the results and publishing it after carrying an extensive research and evaluation carried out on specific individuals or groups or a specific population within a specified region over a period of time. It helps in identifying the different attributes and parameters that were prevalent in a particular condition. A case study is very helpful and vital in determining the effects and causes of a historical event that has been witnessed by the people in specific countries across the globe (Yin, 2003).
Justification for or against a Case Study Approach
A case study of the following event could help in having a proper understanding of the details that led to the outbreak of this disease and the pattern in which it spread like a ball of fire and took large number of lives in London itself. It was the outburst of plague in London in 1660’s. It is the last highly effective epidemic that had out broken in England and it is the form of the Bubonic plague. It emerged from European countries and spread like a wild fire to the west, in London. It is also called as the “Great Plague” as it took lives of about 100,000 people in London (Porter, 2009). Case study is indeed a good method for researching on a historical event as it provides with an in-depth research and analysis of an extremely rare phenomena like this.
The only measure that has to be taken while carrying a case study on the Great Plague event is that the information that has to be collected regarding the event has to be unhampered and genuine and interpretation of the information has to be carried out in an unbiased way. Case study helps in evaluating even the smallest factors which were responsible for the outbreak or led to contributing in the spread of this disease (Yin, 2003).
Semiotics and Hermeneutics are two different approaches to carry a case study.
Hermeneutics refers to the interpretation of the data and sources through the texts and other textual forms of arts (Maas, 1910). It is very significant as it provides the analysis of the situation through evaluation of the texts.
Semiotics involves evaluating the signs and the symbols and pictures for interpreting the data or sources available that would help in obtaining a proper and clear understanding of the case that has been taken for studying (Danesi & Rocci, 2009). Semiotics would help in evaluating through the use of pictures, signs and symbols.
Hence, it can be stated both of them play a significant role in evaluating the data and analyzing it for developing a case study.
Justification of one choice:
Semiotics will not be appropriate for explaining or evaluating this historical event and develop a correct and reliable case study. It is because the psychology of the children or the people who have given such signs, symbols and pictures has to be obtained for accurately evaluating it and that is not possible. Hermeneutics would help in developing an accurate and reliable evaluation as it provides direct interpretation of the condition during that time. Thus, it can be stated that Hermeneutics are better form of qualitative approaches to a case study which involves studying a historical event.
“Ring around the Rosie” is a very famous rhyme which we have been singing in our childhood and it has its recorded history in 1790. It has a painful history to it as believed by many of the historians, authors and researchers. Its meaning has always been debated. One of the most common and widely accepted meaning of the rhyme states that it describes the period in London when there was an outbreak of the Great Plague which has been described above (Ligon, 2006). The words in the rhyme reflect the condition that was prevailing during the times of this epidemic in London. Hermeneutics would be the best form of case study approach that would help in developing an accurate and qualitative research of the historical event.
Danesi, M., & Rocci, A. (2009). Approaches to applied semiotics. . Global linguistics: An introduction .
Ligon, B. L. (2006). Plague: a review of its history and potential as a biological weapon. In Seminars in pediatric infectious diseases, 161-170.
Maas, A. (1910). Hermeneutics. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. .
Porter, S. (2009). The great plague. Amberley Publishing.
Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research: Design and methods. . Thousand Oaks CA: Sage. .