Analytical Essay on Life of Freidrich Neitzche with Humanist Psychology


Friedrich Nietzsche has been a topic of discussion by many psychologists and humanists as a subject of theories due to his works which have a unique insight towards the world considering the era in which he was born. The viewpoint of questioning the concept of god and emphasis towards reality in not an unnatural thought but this factor does drive us to analyze Nietzsche through a psychological concept. Observing Nietzsche through the eyes of Allport, the correlation with functional autonomy shows us that Nietzsche was “the theoretical” type and valued reality and truth more than other things which could have happened because he faced the harsh realities of war and the world (Boeree, 2006). But he was a mature person according to the theory as he decided his career options due to his will as he decided not to marry and preferred to keep relations with his friends are choices Nietzsche must have made in the moment also that he became a professor after the war and finally took up writing again when he encountered illness. These decision are signs of functional autonomy as he began writing when he was in the military but at the time of illness that he came in contact with at the final stages of his life, it was an autonomous decision (Allport, 1968).
Referring to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, it can be observed that Nietzsche achieved all of his needs in life from the basic physiological needs like food and water, the safety needs of a home, esteem needs of being a top student in school, being a professor and an acclaimed writer at the later stages of his life and the need of self-actualization from the thoughts he had about life, related philosophy, and his views that justify that he had an established idea of how to live his life in a satisfied manner (Maslow, 1968). The satisfaction of the need for love is debatable as he preferred to stay in the company of friends and he received that even when he was a professor and it is not justified if said that the absence of a love interest in life derives dissatisfaction of the love and belonging needs (Mann, 2006).
Even according to Roger’s theory regarding a fully functional person, Nietzsche took his decisions by himself without fear and lived a life with multiple lines of work, which he followed when he chose to (Rogers, 1961). The characteristics like being able to express deepest feelings, reaching self-actualization, understanding urges and feelings of oneself and others, and living in the present are shared by Nietzsche (Cherry, 2015). He expressed his feelings towards other people through his earlier works, and what he wrote later, he acted towards what he wanted to and followed those choices. Regarding living in the present, even after war he pursued being a professor being a top student and decided on being a full time writer during his illness (Mann, 2006). Psychologically, he was free and displayed an actualizing tendency towards writing according to his will. Observing the implication of these theories, Nietzsche proves to be psychologically mature and a fully functional man.
Bibliography
Allport, G. W. (1968). The person in psychology. Beacon Press.
Boeree, C. G. (2006). GORDON ALLPORT. Retrieved from webspace.ship.edu: http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/allport.html
Mann, H. (2006). The Essential Nietzsche. New York: Dover publications, Inc.
Maslow, A. H. (1968). Toward a Psychology of Being. New York: D. Van Nostrand Company.
Rogers, C. R. (1961). On becoming a person: A therapist’s view of psychotherapy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

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March 7, 2018

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