Essay on The Machinery of Government

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There are different types of governments across the globe on the basis of the powers provided for their administration. Two of the most common type of government constitutes state government and federal government. Federal government is the one where the administration is divided between an extremely central or national government and the small state governments. It provides a complete control of the administration in the hands of the nation’s government. On the other hand, state government involves a type of administration where there are special powers and rights provided to the localized state governments (Warner).
1) A federal government has to take care of the security of entire nation, regulate trade with foreign countries, make trade and business regulations between different states and not within the states and establish peace and security through developing excellent defense system consisting of the army, navy and the air force. On the other hand, a state government regulates the trade unions, policies and practices within a specific state, conducts the local elections and maintains several operations and systems within the state. For example, if there is a dispute between two states of different countries that are neighbors then the issue does not remain an issue of the state government, but it comes under federal government (Young).
2) A federal government has more control over the security of the nation and it also includes the security among the states. It provides for the military control, decisions regarding war and other measures that are necessary for maintaining the security and integrity of the nation. On the other hand, state government plays a significant role in maintaining the trade and other industrial policies, infrastructural decisions, safety of the citizens within the state and identifies new potential ideas that would help in the growth and development of the state. For example, the federal government of US can make different treaties with the governments of different countries for the benefit of the nation. However, state government does not have this power even and it can only make decisions related to conflicts within them. So, it they want to carry trade or other such business with any other state that belongs to a neighboring country, then the state has to take the concern of the federal government (Warner).
3) Federal government has a complete control of providing finance for different purposes required by the mas well as to the state governments. They have the right to print the currency and circulate it in such a way that the economy does not get adversely affected by the financial policies and availability of finance provided by the federal government. State government has not control over the rates and economic policies that are developed for the welfare of the nation. A state government is concerned only with the development of financial norms and regulations between different companies and departments within the state (Rivlin).
Thus, it can be observed that the main difference between the federal and state government is the allocation of powers to them and their role in regulating the affairs of the state as well as the entire nation. A federal system brings all the things on one table and it has the authority to provide financial, social, judicial and other business related decisions that are pertaining to the entire nation. Similarly, the state governments are involved in internal development of the states. A proper balance between the two ensures growth.
Rivlin, Alice M. “Distinguished lecture on economics in government: Strengthening the economy by rethinking the role of federal and state governments.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives (1991): 3-14.
Warner, Mildred E. ” The Future of Local Government: Twenty‐First‐Century Challenges.” Public Administration Review (2010): 145-147.
Young, Ernest A. ” Is the Sky Falling on the Federal Government? State Sovereign Immunity, the Section Five Power, and the Federal Balance: NARROWING THE NATION’S POWER: THE SUPREME COURT SIDES WITH THE STATES.” (2003): 1551-2055.


Posted on

March 9, 2018

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