Essay on Abraham Lincoln and Indira Gandhi

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Abraham Lincoln and Indira Gandhi
During the times of social restrictions and limitations witnessed in the early 19th and 20th century, there are many heroes who have contributed immensely to development of changes and brining a revolution. There ae many attributes that are incorporated in a hero. These attributes are in the form of leadership, effectiveness to inculcate change, bring social changes removing malpractices observed in the society, courage to stand for social and national cause. There are many heroes who have shown the above mentioned qualities and have revolutionized the field in which they have contributed. These heroes have changed the economic, social, political and psychological conditions of the people across the globe. Two of such heroes who have immensely contributed in the upliftment of their nation through different practices are Abraham Lincoln and Indira Gandhi. Abraham Lincoln, played a very significant role in removing the practice of slavery from America (Schwartz, 2005). On the other hand, Indira Gandhi helped India to develop a significant position in the world in various sectors like food production, military strength, nuclear technology and other such elements which would contribute to the increase in strength of India (Gupte, 2012).
Though there was a huge difference in the backgrounds of Abraham Lincoln and Indira Gandhi, they had a common vision which was to bring overall development in the country through social, economic and political upliftment. Abraham Lincoln had faced many economic problems during his life and his struggle shows that he is a self-made man. He was a lawyer by profession in his early days. He had an aspiring vision which made him to never lose his hope and this made him win the president elections at the age of 52. On the other hand, Indira Gandhi was the daughter of the first prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru and thus, was born with a golden spoon. However, she did not chose to enjoy the luxuries of life and remain simply in her house, married to a man and nurture their family. She changed this ideology of the society and this resulted in women liberalization.
Abraham Lincoln had lost the state election for 8 times, encountered failures in business twice and had also gone through a nervous breakdown. However, he had a clear and firm vision and he was ready to go through any obstacles that came in his way of becoming the President for development of America. This undying spirit of Abraham Lincoln, which made him victorious in the President elections, serves to be a source motivation for people across the world (McPherson, 1991). He led to the enactment of laws against slavery, which was very prevalent during those times. He strived hard and put all his efforts in removing this evil practice carried out throughout the society. He was opposed by many local leaders, people and organizations for changing the traditions and way of living of the American people. But, he did not make people’s opposing views affect him in taking decisions and planning for the development of America. Similarly, Indira Gandhi had many opposition from the male dominated society prevailing during her times. She was not considered as an appropriate candidate to fit for the position of Prime Minister of India. However, she proved everyone wrong by bringing significant reforms in the society and also strengthening the position of India through high end technology and efficient military power in the world. She introduced the Green Revolution in the crops production which helped India to not only fulfil its needs but also emerge as a leading exported of many food crops across the globe. She developed Nuclear Alliances for development of the nuclear technology and this brought India on the world map. She was a firm believer in her principles and methodologies and was very adamant regarding the steps that she carried. She is one of the best example of women empowerment and women leadership across the globe. She brought powerful military rule in the country and strengthened the various frontiers of India through increasing the military power and improving its technology (Kaviraj, 1986).
Abraham Lincoln had served as the President of America for only four years, but his contribution in the social, cultural, economic and overall development of America is commendable. He ended the very old practice of slavery of the blacks carried by the whites since many centuries in America. His famous quotes are: “Whatever you are, be a good one”, “Whenever I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally”. These quotes shows his distinct personality and clear vision of freeing the mankind from slavery and its effects. He was a firm believer in Hardwork, merit and dedication which can be seen throughout his life (Wineburg, 1998). Indira Gandhi had similar kind of distinctive personality, where she used to make her own rules and principles related to the development of the nation. Few of the famous quotes by her are: “The power to question is the basis of all human progress”, “A nation’s strength ultimately consist in what it can do on its own and not in what it can borrow from other” (Sinha, 1982). These quotes show her level of confidence, courage and action following her conviction regarding the efforts that she carried to emerge India as a super power in the world
Thus, it can be seen that though there were many people who opposed Abraham Lincoln and Indira Gandhi, but this did not stop them from pursuing their vision and taking action for the achievement of overall development in their respective countries. Abraham Lincoln was successful to eradicate the traditional practice of slavery and also introduced many economic reforms for the upliftment of America (Long, 1994). Indira Gandhi, too, broke the hypo critic image of ideal women existing in the male dominated society and handled the international relation of India with the super power countries of the world very effectively. She brought about and characterized the image of being an iconic symbol holding courage and determination among the women. This made her earn the title of “Mother India” (Gupte, 2012).
References
Gupte, P. (2012). Mother India: a political biography of Indira Gandhi. . Penguin Books India.
Kaviraj, S. (1986). Indira Gandhi and Indian Politics. . Economic and Political Weekly, , 1697-1708.
Long, D. E. (1994). The jewel of liberty: Abraham Lincoln’s re-election and the end of slavery. . Stackpole Books.
McPherson, J. M. (1991). Abraham Lincoln and the second American revolution. Oxford University Press.
Schwartz, B. &. (2005). History, commemoration, and belief: Abraham Lincoln in American memory, 1945-2001. American Sociological Review, 70(2), , 183-203.
Sinha, N. (1982). Indira Gandhi: Her Road to Power. . American Political Science Review, 76(04),, 941-942.
Wineburg, S. (1998). Reading Abraham Lincoln: An expert/expert study in the interpretation of historical texts. . Cognitive Science, 22(3), , 319-346.

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March 10, 2018

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