Food Security refers to the physical availability of food that would be enough for the survival and good health of the population. It is found to be existing when the people of all the countries have access to nutritious food that would be safe for their consumption and will help in satisfying their daily dietary needs (Wilson & Pimentel, 2004).
There have been formation of many councils and programs in all the countries to ensure that food security is achieved in them. There has been a constant growth in the production of food, but it has not been able to fulfil and match up to the tremendous increase in population that has been witnessed across the globe (Schmidhuber & Tubiello, 2007).
Food security can be thus defined as the concept of supplying and availing the population of the world with sufficient amount of healthy, safe and nutritious food that is ensured through proper social means and is also made available during the times of crisis, emergencies and disasters that the nation faces. Food security ensures that irrespective of the circumstances, each and every individual in a nation should have access to minimum amount of food that is essential for their survival along with a good health (Schmidhuber & Tubiello, 2007).
It is according to the justification of the fact that there is a large population that is to be satisfied and hence efforts are to be made to ensure that food security is achieved in all the nations across the globe. The increasing population and urbanization of the countries play a vital role in developing a threat to the food security and leads to generating the imbalance among the production and consumption of food among the population.
Food security serves to be one of the major concern of all the governments across the globe to feed their population and ensure that each and every individual gets sufficient amount of food for their good health.
Food security has to face a number of challenges which have to be handled cautiously and carefully by the governments across the globe. To maintain a balance between the increasing population and the supply of food is a major challenge for the nations. This challenges and ways to cope with them are discussed further in the essay (Wilson & Pimentel, 2004).
It is observed that average population growth rate across the globe is 1.3 % and this increases the pressure on the available resources of food production. As against this, the increase in food production is stable and it is not up to the mark to satisfy the increasing needs of the population. There has been increase in the per capita food production owing to the improved technology of food production. But, this has to be kept in check with the decrease in the availability of land that could be cultivated and used for production of crops as well as breeding of animals (Wilson & Pimentel, 2004).
It is observed that there has been a tremendous increase in the breeding of animals due to the advancement in the technology and improvement in the medical treatments that is provided for them. The production of sea food has also been increased due to the improvement in the fishing techniques and an increasing awareness among the people regarding the cultivation of animals that could be a source of food serving the large population across the globe. There has been a huge increase in the production of crops per unit area owing to the modernization adopted in the method of cultivation and using scientific techniques that would help in yielding more crops. It is a common problem being faced among the nations to satisfy these increasing population and provide them with healthy food (Schmidhuber & Tubiello, 2007).
The increasing population imposes a great challenge for the nations to fulfil the needs of the people and ensure that healthy food and nutrition is made available for them. This increase in the population in the nations also poses a problem of decrease in the land that was available for production of crops. There has been urbanization and industrial revolution in the past decade and this has greatly increased the pressure on the land that was available for cultivation of crops as well as breeding of animals. Hence, it is a major challenge for the developing as well as developed nation to cope up with the increasing demand of food per capita owing to the tremendous increase in population (Schmidhuber & Tubiello, 2007).
It is found that the population growth is at much faster rate as compared to the growth in food production. It is estimated that the global population would be reaching to 9 billion by 2050 (Wilson & Pimentel, 2004). It is a significant problem for the nations to remove this imbalance and develop a steady growth that would be sustained over a period of years and help in providing the population with the required quantity of food irrespective of their economic and social condition.
There is a tremendous increase in population that imposes a threat to the food security due to the unavailability of the required quantity of land for cultivation of crops and breeding of animals. However, there are various measures which have to be carried to ensure that food security within the nation has been maintained continuously. For this there has to be allotment and specification of special area for the cultivation of crops and this has to be kept increasing steadily through managing the use of the area for constructing buildings, industries and other such purposes. There has to be continuous efforts to be made in improving the technology and science of cultivating crops and the breeding of animals (Wilson & Pimentel, 2004).
There has to be considerable development of pesticides and insecticides that help to save the crops from getting wasted and infected due to insects and save a large quantity of crops that is produced. Development of high quality of fertilizers will ensure an increase in the production that is available per unit area of land and this has resulted in increase in overall production of crops within the same quantity of land that is available (Schmidhuber & Tubiello, 2007).
It can be seen that there is a huge amount of imbalance between the demand of food and the population that consumes this food. Owing to this, there is a program of “Feed the Future” being introduced by the US and on similar basis there is formation of “Food Security Center Abu Dhabi” in UAE (FSCAD, 2014). Food security has to be achieved across all the nations for their development and ensuring good health of the population.
FSCAD. (2014). What is the meaning of the term. Retrieved December 28, 2014, from http://www.fscad.ae: http://www.fscad.ae/en/media-centre/faq
Schmidhuber, J., & Tubiello, F. N. (2007). Global food security under climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 19703-19708.
Wilson, A., & Pimentel, D. (2004). World Population, Agriculture, and Malnutrition. World Watch Magazine.