Learning as an Outcome of memory structures and process.
Brain serves to be the most important element in determining the memory structures and generating or recalling processes on the basis of which learning is carried out. However, there is limited dependence of the learning process on the memory of a person. There are various parts of a brain among which home places are used for storing of memory and recollecting it whenever required. The process of learning is somewhat based on this process of memory allocation and regeneration performed by the brain in all the individuals (Lee & Seung, 1999).
The relationship between the usage of memory and the process of learning has always been a matter of debate that has been discussed and researched by the scientists, psychologists and doctors. There is undoubtedly a proven connection between the memory and the process of learning as there are many sections in the brain which contribute to the process of learning with the help of memory storing and recalling. The various sections of the brain that are related with the storing of memory and its usage for the process of learning are as follows:
Frontal lobe: It is the part located at the back side of the brain and lies in front of the cerebral hemisphere. This part processes the ‘short term memory’ that are developed in an individual. Through this part, learning is carried out regarding the recent activities and experiences which are stored in this part of the brain.
Cerebellum: It is also known as the “little brain” and is located below the cerebral region. It stores the procedural memory which relates to the carrying out of tasks on a regular basis. There is no specific new learning required in these activities.
Limbic and Cortical systems: This part of the brain is known for storing the memory of the events and occasions that have been witnessed by an individual over a period of time. It helps the individuals to learn about themselves and develop a sequential memory of the events that had occurred in their lives (Gagne & White, 1978).
But, there are other parts of the brain, too where, very less amount or no amount of memory is stored and learning is carried out through the development and action of the neurons present in the brain. These neurons develop an advanced system in the brain which helps it to take quick and responsive decisions and also learn different things through it (Cohn, Ghahramani, & Jordan, 1996).
The influence and the impact of memory on the learning process has been outlived by many examples across the world. There have been many people in the history who were able to efficiently learn new things inspite of losing their memory and vision in many cases. These mental disorders are occurring due to the any kind of accidents or sudden impact on the head which results in damaging a portion of the brain. The damaged portion results in loss of memory. However, even after all this loss of memory, an individual was found to be learning new things and being able to utilize their potential to the fullest. One such example of such unique case is Henry Molaison, who is also known as “HM”, and was suffering from a memory disorder which led to the loss of his memory regarding the events which were not very recent. However, this loss of memory did not curb his efficiency of learning new things and activities in his day-to-day life. (Anderson, 2000).
Thus, it can be observed through the study of the cases that the process of learning is not completely based on the memory processes that are being carried out in the brain.
Anderson, J. R. (2000). Learning and memory.
Cohn, D. A., Ghahramani, Z., & Jordan, M. I. (1996). Active learning with statistical models. . Journal of artificial intelligence research.
Gagne, R. M., & White, R. T. (1978). Memory structures and learning outcomes. Review of Educational Research, 187-222.
Lee, D. D., & Seung, H. S. (1999). Learning the parts of objects by non-negative matrix factorization. . Nature, 401(6755), 788-791.