Essay on Water Shortage in UAE

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Introduction
With the advancement of technology and numerous inventions in different fields, it can be seen that there is a constant increase in the usage of water per person across the globe. The current rate of consumption and production of portable water do not match and there is an imbalance created between them. At the same time, there are many application where the usage of water has not been tapped and the water resources are taken for granted. It has been prevailing in Middle East and UAE where there are very scarce resources of ground water. Also there has been a tremendous increase in the water consumption per person in UAE. It is obtained that on an average, 550 liters of water is consumed by the UAE residents per day. On the other hand, the global average consumption of water per person is 250 liters per day. If the consumption continues at such a high rate and considering the limitations of the water resources like groundwater and restricted exploring of the treated and desalinated water, there will be an acute water crisis faced by UAE by 2040 (KHALEEJ TIMES, 2015).
It has to be taken into consideration as it is very important for development and overall growth among different sections of an economy. There are constant measures and innovative initiatives developed for increasing the desalination of the water and waste water treatment in UAE. It involves using grey water for several commercial purposes (Botros, 2015). However, it can be observed that there are many initiatives to be developed on domestic and day to day level to reduce the consumption of water per person on daily basis. This has been developed in the following section and a remedy has been obtained and discussed for the same.
Problem
The problem in the water supply available in UAE is that there are very limited sources available and one of the most important resources that plays a vital role in water supply is groundwater and its resources are found to be decreasing. The level of groundwater has been projected to be falling by 2030 (KHALEEJ TIMES, 2015). It means that there would be decrease in supply despite of the tremendous increase in overall consumption due to increase in population and other such factors. There are many significant processes where the people can save water in daily use and the water saved can be sued for more important and significant purposes like irrigation and other processes of manufacturing (Alsalmi, Elkadi, & Leao, 2013) . Reducing the amount of water that is used daily requires identifying the activities that are consuming more water than it should have ideally. Water that is used in flushing is one of the section of water consumption where innovative designs and solutions can be developed.
Evaluating the problem
The problem exists in the lack of awareness and responsibility among the people in UAE regarding the use of water that is easily available to them. The statistics regarding the availability of water and its use has to be developed regularly and strict remedies have to be developed for reducing the amount of water consumed. This can be done through tracking the use of water in day to day life among the people living in UAE. The problem involves developing several innovative initiatives that have to be impactful and influence the consumption of water per person in UAE. Developing better treatment plants with high capacity to convert waste water into treated water that ca neb used for industrial and irrigation purposes.
Solution
The problem that has been discussed in the above section is the unnecessary quantity of water that is used for the sanitation and other purposes in houses. The water that is used in the flushing tanks can be reduced as every time during flushing a fixed amount of water is used which is not necessary. The general amount of water that is used every time a person flushes is about 3-4 liters. Instead of that, if a small bottle of about 500 ml is kept in the flush tank, then the quantity of water used during each flush will be reduced by 500 ml. The above mentioned solution can be implemented if a small flush tank cannot be designed and implemented everywhere. This will help in considerable decrease in the amount of water used. It can be observed that by keeping 1litre bottle in the flush tank, more water can be saved. But, this might not be the case as when 1 liter bottle is kept in flush tank, there would be instances where people would have to flush twice. However, the size of the bottle should be kept such that is does not increase the number of times one has to flush. So, it has to be obtained accordingly as per the usage of the toilet. In the below figure, an example of how to insert a bottle in the flush tank for reducing the water consumption during flushing has been shown.

(GREEN ORGANIC DEVOTION, 2012)

Conclusion
No amount of water generated or made available would be sufficient enough if the residents and the people in UAE do not realize the importance of water and restrict their use per person by keeping the average global consumption per person in mind. There are several slogans that can be developed for promoting saving of water and encouraging the people in UAE to realize its importance and use less water. It has to be considered that the countries in the Middle-east are the least secure in terms of water availability and number of potential water resources. Here, the usage of water on a domestic level for household purpose has been considered and a solution has been developed for the same. The solution of inserting a water bottle in the flush tank has the potential to reduce the per capita usage of water on a significant scale.
As mentioned above, with a very limited availability of groundwater in UAE, there have to be special innovative and effective irrigation methods developed and they should also focus on the crops that require less water for growing. Recycling the waste water serves to be a very feasible solution as it is reducing the accumulation of waste water that were led in the natural water bodies and at the same time, providing the water that is required for several purposes in UAE.

References
Alsalmi, H., Elkadi, H., & Leao, S. (2013). Urban growth in arid environments: Developing water sustainability indicators for Abu Dhabi (UAE). Liveable Cities, 5-25.
Botros, M. (2015, February 16). Solutions to tackle water scarcity in the UAE. Retrieved from http://gulfnews.com: http://gulfnews.com/news/uae/environment/solutions-to-tackle-water-scarcity-in-the-uae-1.1458061
Dakkak, A. (2015, January 31). Irrigation Systems in the United Arab Emirates. Retrieved from http://www.ecomena.org: http://www.ecomena.org/tag/water-scarcity-in-uae/
GREEN ORGANIC DEVOTION. (2012, January 18). RECYCLE YOUR WATER BOTTLE… IN THE TOILET? Retrieved from https://greenorganicdevotion.wordpress.com: https://greenorganicdevotion.wordpress.com/2012/01/18/recycle-your-water-bottle-in-the-toilet/
KHALEEJ TIMES. (2015, August 27). UAE among top 10 states to face acute water crisis. Retrieved from http://www.khaleejtimes.com: http://www.khaleejtimes.com/region/uae-among-top-10-states-to-face-acute-water-crisis

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Posted on

March 10, 2018

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