Essay on Population by Gender in UAE

POPULATION BY GENDER


Table of Contents
1. Introduction: 2
2. Trends in the population by gender: 2
2.1.1. Sex ratio in UAE during 2005: 3
2.1.2. Sex ratio in UAE during 2010: 3
3. Population growth in UAE: 4
4. Infant mortality gender rate: 5
5. Fertility Transition in the UAE 6
6. Future scope 7
7. Conclusion 7
8. Recommendation 8
9. References 8

Population by gender
Introduction:
Population can be categorized on various basis like the type of age group, standard of living, position in the society, type of work and on the basis of gender. The most significant categorization which is of great concern among the different nationalities is the last one which is population by Gender. This serves to be a significant factor in the contribution of equality that is to be observed in the society.
It can be calculated on the basis of sex ratio. The term sex ratio refers to the number boys of for a particular number of girls. It is the ratio of the number of boys to the number of girls in a country. It helps to analyse the number of girls in a population and helps to evaluate the value and respect of women in the particular culture. The ratio of the sex helps to estimate and understand the position and mind-set of the people in the society. It gives an overall idea of the trend that is followed by the people along with their customs and traditions regarding the birth of a child.
Trends in the population by gender:
It has been observed that there has been a tremendous increase in the population from 1980 to 2010 where it was about 1 million in 1980 to 8.4 million in 2010 and 9.1 million in 2013. It is estimated to reach more than 15.4 million till 2050.

(The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).
It is found that the number of females per every male is very less. This can be expressed in the form of sex ratio which is given by:
Sex ratio = Number of boys/ number of girls
Sex ratio in UAE during 2005:
2822/1327 = 2.1266
Sex ratio in UAE during 2010:
5940/2482= 2.4
Thus, it can be seen that the number of girls against the number of boys has been continuously reducing in UAE since the last few years. This has to be taken as a matter of concern due to the reducing number of the female gender in UAE. This has been due to the political, economic and social conditions that would be more favourable to men. This belief has gained importance and is increasing over the years in the states in UAE.
Population growth in UAE:
It is observed that there has been an increment of over 14% during the last three years. During the initial case, from 1985-1990, the growth rate has been increasing steadily at around 5-6 % until the period from 1998-2000 where there is a decline in the growth rate from 5.87% to 5.09 % (Gonzalez & Karoly, 2008). This has been due to the changing law structure for the immigration of the people across the globe to UAE (The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).

(The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).
However, the growth has been continuously increasing from 5.87 to 14.21 in 2010. This incredible increase in the population is due to the transparency in the immigration law by the UAE government. A large number of opportunities available in the UAE market has also contributed immensely in the increasing population in the countries of UAE.

Infant mortality gender rate:
The infant mortality rate helps to estimate the number deaths of infants per 1000 live births during a particular time period. In the below graph, it is shown for the period from 1985 to 2014 (The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).

(The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).
It is found that the number of males that were dead for females was more. But, considering the huge difference in the population of the males, it can be stated that this difference is found to be very low in terms of the infant mortality rate among the genders.
The mortality rate is hugely affected by the number of males that are getting birth which is much more than that of the number of females getting birth. Hence, the difference that is found in the infant mortality rate can be showing more deaths among boys than girls, but considering the overall number of girls and boys present, this number would be actually less.

Fertility Transition in the UAE
The fertility rate can be defined as the average number of births that an individual woman can give in her lifetime. This can be ranging from giving births to a boy or a girl (The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).

(The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).

The fertility rate can be high due to the less number of women in the country and this increases the pressure on the existing number of women to give more and more births to the child. The fertility rate has reduced due to the increasing tension in the life style of the people, increase in the inflation during the time period.
It has reduced from 5.23 per woman during the time of 1980-1985 to 1.82 in 2000-2005. This has resulted in less number of females per males due to the reduction in the number of births per each women. This will not affect the sex ratio till over 25 years.

Future scope
The transition in the trend of the number of people migrating from the foreign countries to UAE (International Migration Report 2013 , 2013). This serves to be one of the major reason that would help in contributing to the gender ratio in the country with more than 2.3 as the sex ratio. This ratio can be reduced by bringing in equal number of immigrants of both the genders from the foreign countries to UAE. This has also contributed to the number of Refugees that are coming to UAE from the neighbouring countries (The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).
International Migrant (IM) Stock for the UAE, 1990-2013

(The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates , 2014).
Conclusion
Thus, it can be obtained that the number of females per every male is much less in UAE. This has to be seen as a matter of great concern in UAE which has resulted due to various reasons. The feeling of superiority possessed by men over women, the myths and beliefs that women could not achieve more than men in terms of various fields. There has to be steps and measures to be taken to check the number of abortions on the basis of sex determination of the infant. This also includes providing equal opportunity to both the genders in the society. It can be concluded that the population by gender is not uniform in UAE (Poston & Bouvier, 2010).

Recommendation
We have found that the population by gender is not uniform in UAE and there are various measures that have to be taken to ensure that the sex ratio decreases with an increase in the number of girls for a particular number of boys. This can be achieved by keeping a track of the abortion and checking that the sex determination is not done among the pregnant women. It can be completely banned from the system. Also, developing special incentives for raising a girl child can be provided like providing them with the necessities of life at a very low cost, providing their education at a low cost and announcing special scholarship for the higher education studies of the girls. This will encourage the people to give birth to a girl child instead of getting them aborted. The number of immigrants from the foreign countries has also to be kept under check on the basis of their gender and ensure that there are enough opportunities provided to the females that can migrate to UAE for an aspiring career in UAE.

References
Gonzalez, G. C., & Karoly, L. A. (2008). Facing Human Capital Challenges of the 21st Century: Education and Labor Market Initiatives in Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Rand Corporation.
(2013). International Migration Report 2013 . NewYork: United NAtions.
Poston, D. L., & Bouvier, L. F. (2010). Population and Society: An Introduction to Demography. USA: Cambridge University Press.
The demographic Profile of the United Arab Emirates . (2014). Retrieved from http://www.escwa.un.org: http://www.escwa.un.org/popin/members/uae.pdf

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Posted on

March 9, 2018

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