The product Neo-Surge is a high-tech futuristic robotic device which features Telemanipulation and autonomous system of robot-assistance surgery. It features two robotic lightweight devices which form a structure similar to a human hand but acts with superior precision. It features one of the most advanced technologies and features in the worldwide market. The myriad of features like Neo-Sense System Research Platform, haptic interfaces to control the robots, advance system to control the device and monitoring the image at the same time. It implements two lightweight robots with surgical actuators where each hand works with seven degrees of liberty over the operation. Both the hands feature torque control actuators which can be uniquely modified. Both the LBRs feature servo-controllers that transform the Cartesian motions into the joint space inside the body and restrict them according to maximum provided acceleration, modified torque speeds and their separately modifiable angular velocities. (Robotics Training, n.d.) Both the lightweight robots can be addressed at such a rate that it goes up to 1 KHz. It can be noticed that both the robotic hands have low mass which makes it surprisingly easy to transport quickly. It has optimized motors which are a crucial requirement when it comes to high precision surgery. These motors show superficially dynamic performance and superior repeatability. An advanced feature that helps in advanced surgery is hand guided insertion of these robotic hands along a predefined axis. The operators can take over the control of the robotic hands through a personal computer or a laptop connected to the device through internet or wires and use specific software designed to optimize and modify the movements of the hand to control this device. This transition of handing over the control of this device through controllers connected to the computer is very beneficial in modern times as it makes it easy for the surgeon to operate the device remotely from anywhere with the computer and an internet connection. The robotic hands can be manually moved but it won’t change the trajectory of the hand and its motion; so if anybody accidentally moves hand it won’t disturb the process in any way. The optimized movements of the hands are guided with extreme precision because they are guided, modified, assembled and trained manually by human subjects to achieve superior movement precision. This task was executed with the help of the institute of Applied Medical engineering. They helped achieve the task of Robot-assisted Rehabilitation with the help willing subjects and their tireless efforts to help modify the precise movements of the device. (Robot-Assisted Rehabilitation, n.d.) This is especially important in the case of movement restrictions due to damage to the central nervous system to the body. So if an accident has occurred and damaged the cerebrovascular system of the body, the device will be able to figure that out and act accordingly to fix the situation. The haptic controllers provide real-time control of the actuators which is a critical function. The Robotic hands feature hand guided nullspace movement during the Telemanipulation by the operator. The whole system operates through the PC fitted inside the operating station with two haptic interface devices with an endoscopic view of the actuators to monitor the process through the PC. This shows the only possible con to this system. The haptic feedback devices need to be more compact and lightweight so that they can be taken anywhere with the surgeon and his laptop to ensure a smooth telemanipulated operation. The operating environment inside the computer while operating features interactive setting of scaling between the haptic devices and the robot. The computer interface can be used to modify the rate at which the hands move and their torque and accelerations speeds according to the preference of the surgeon using the interface. The overall usage of this system is complex and dynamic and would help achieve a fast entry into the market. These two high end robotic hands utilize cognitive abilities and offer amazingly accurate results in delivering results. As per the surgeons involved in the projects, the device “Neo-Surge” is proficient in surgical operations and they ascertained this opinion on basis of several manipulations and several live low-level operations. It seems fit to enter the markets because of its more than average features and performance.
In the era of robotic controlled autonomous surgery, it seems there will be a time when actual surgeons won’t be needed as this method of surgery is done completely through robotic hands attached to a computer and a person sitting on the console can operate the hands in the operation easily through precise movements. This review is about the comparison between the two similar products in the same product type which the application of robotic hands in surgeries. The first product in consideration is Neo-Surge, The advanced execution of the autonomous robotic hands which use actuators for precise maneuvers and incisions in a surgery. It uses the advance neo-sense system for intuitive and interactive operations. It comes with the function of two haptic feedback devices which are controlled with the help of a personal computer armed with an interface to control the torque and acceleration of the device. This gets executed with the help of interactive setting of scaling between haptic input device and robot. The haptic controller will help in simulating the realistic movements of the hands through the actuators. The robotic hands can be manually moved through the manipulations but the actuator will not move which avoids a lot of accidents and helps in precise movements of the actuators. This execution helps in achieving a near-perfect manipulation and also removes some drawbacks of human beings in the process. (THE RAVEN SURGICAL ROBOTIC SYSTEM)
The other products under observation are the Raven Surgical Robotics System which is also a Robot Assisted Tele-Surgery. Tele surgery has not yet been perfected due to challenges of time imperfections. This System is developed by Citris. The researchers have applied statistical robot learning to develop this system. The Raven Surgical Robots System is able to correctly isolate, perform incision on circulation, and can exactly maneuver the human pediatric appendices. The researchers have performed many manipulations recording the trajectories of the robotic hands. They are also researching on the motion which is moderately quicker than amateur trajectories. This method of surgery combines the expertise of a remote surgeon with the one of a remote surgeon to achieve the precision. It features an open-architecture system which includes four arms which is currently installed at UC Berkley.
After comparing both of these products, it can be ascertained that Neo-Surge is more advanced and has superior features of performing precise operations and also safety measure and successful tele-operating. It is clearly the best choice for a future enhancement as it it has potential and has developed more in terms of features than its counterpart.
The technical equipments will be manufactured by a mechanical and surgical tool manufacturing company. This Company will be selected after bidding with a group of companies ascertaining a minimum possible price. The Technical Material will be manufactured through a company proficient in manufacturing of minute devices. The Software can be sourced from anywhere in the world after giving the requirements and the specifications. After the whole manufacturing process is complete, the product will be brought down to the lab for rigorous tests and operations. These tests are compulsory because on the field they have to work with real subjects and no mistakes can be accepted as a patient’s fate depends on it. After the tests are complete, the product is sold to the customer through a third party because the laboratory cannot hold the responsibility of the transportation. This process contains the complete channeling of the product.
Robot-Assisted Rehabilitation. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2014, from http://www.ame.hia.rwth-aachen.de: http://www.ame.hia.rwth-aachen.de/index.php?id=510&L=1%60%5B%7B%24~&L=1&id=5
Robotics Training. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2014, from http://www.toolingu.com/: http://www.toolingu.com/definition-470140-101730-cartesian-robot.html
THE RAVEN SURGICAL ROBOTIC SYSTEM. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2014, from http://citris-uc.org/: http://citris-uc.org/telehealth/project/raven-surgical-robotic-system/