Project Report on Identifying Relationship between Consuming Caffeine and Running


Table of Contents
 Title 2
 Introduction 2
 Hypothesis 3
 Materials and Methods 3
 A. Experimental methodology 3
 B. Experimental design: 4
 1) Independent variable(s): 4
 2) Dependent variable(s): 4
 3) Fixed variable(s): 4
 4) Control group: 4
 5) Experimental group: 5
 C. Data Collection and Measurement 5
 Results & Discussion 5
 Data Representation 5
 Experiment: Day 1 – Consuming Coffee before running 6
 Experiment: Day 2 – Consuming Redbull before running 7
 Experiment: Day 3 – Consuming Pepsi before running 8
 Experiment: Day 4 – Running without Consuming any caffeine 9
 Data Interpretation 11
 Conclusion/ Reflection 13
 References 15

Title
The title of the project is,
“To identify relationship between consuming caffeine and running”
Introduction
There has been a driving urge among the people to perform better and improve their fitness. Running is a very crucial part of the fitness where it offers the required level of exercise required by the body. It also provides the relaxation and flexing of the muscles. Running has been a proven exercise to reduce weight and obesity as well as maintain the level of fitness among the individuals. There have been many researches regarding increasing the running speed and efficiency of a person (Harris, 1981).
The consumption of caffeine has been suggested by many dieticians, health and nutritionist as well as food and research scientists. The usage of caffeine has been specified by many whereas few others have specified the ideal time of taking the caffeine based products during the day for maximizing its output (Glaister, et al., 2008). There are few nutritionists and food and research scientists who have argued regarding the belief of consumption of caffeine for improving the running characteristics of an individual (Dikos, Jackie R.D., 2014). They have stated that consumption of caffeine has some serious adverse effects on the long run which would not be favorable for the health of the person. Hence, they recommended that natural products and boosters should be used for increasing the running efficiency. They state that though consuming them would not have immediate effect, but it would be very useful and suitable for the long run over consumption of many years (Ruxton, 2008).
This debate and discussion regarding the effects of consuming caffeine before running has raised interests in me. I would be carrying out several experiments that would help me to achieve the relationship between the consumption of caffeine and running. I would be supporting my research and hypothesis with accurate, precise and personally collected data. This data would then be evaluated and analyzed for obtaining the results of the research. A final statement would be made on the basis of this evaluation and suggestions would be made for the same.
Hypothesis
The hypothesis statement that has been developed for the research and experiments is:
“The more you consume caffeine, the faster you run”
Materials and Methods
A. Experimental methodology
The experiment would be carried out for 4 days on the same person. This days would not be consecutive days. The act of running would be carried out in all the four days on which experiment would be carried. The condition before running would involve consumption of different caffeine based products. He will run four times for 1 kilometer on four different days. During his first day, he would be having coffee before running. During his second day of the experiment, he would be having Redbull before running. On the third day of the experiment, he would be having Pepsi before running. On the last day of the experiment, that is, the fourth day, he would not be having anything before running. The time and speed would be determined by me for each and every day.
B. Experimental design:
The experimental design is based on two types of variables:
1) Independent variable(s):
These are the variables which are not dependent on any factors and can be changed directly. The independent variable for our experiment are:
a. Amount of caffeine consumed before running,
2) Dependent variable(s):
The dependent variables are the variables which are dependent on other elements and cannot be changed directly. The dependent variables in our experiment are:
a. Time consumed in running
b. Speed of running
3) Fixed variable(s):
Fixed variables are the variables which would be constant and same throughout the experiment. These variables in our experiment are:
a. Person is the same,
b. Pair of shoes is the same,
c. Location of the experiment is the same,
d. Distance of running is the same.
4) Control group:
a. There would be no consumption of caffeine before running.
5) Experimental group:
a. There would be consumption of caffeine before running
C. Data Collection and Measurement

Results & Discussion
Data Representation
The data that has been collected across 4 days of experiment involving the different variables is shown below. The independent variable is the amount of caffeine that has been consumed before running. It is very important to determine the content of caffeine in the caffeine based products taken by the person in the experiment. The amount of caffeine in the different products consumed is given below:
Redbull:
Quantity- 8.4 fl. oz. Caffeine content- 80 mg
Starbucks coffee:
Quantity- 24 fl. oz. Caffeine content- 68 mg
Pepsi:
Quantity- 12 fl. oz. Caffeine content- 37.6 mg
Thus, it can be seen that when the same amount of quantity would be taken, the caffeine content is highest in the Redbull,
Experiment: Day 1 – Consuming Coffee before running
On this day, the person would be consuming coffee before going for running. The data collected on this day is as follows:

Experiment: Day 2 – Consuming Redbull before running
On this day, the person would be consuming Redbull before going for running. The data collected on this day is as follows:

Experiment: Day 3 – Consuming Pepsi before running
On this day, the person would be consuming Pepsi before going for running. The data collected on this day is as follows:

Experiment: Day 4 – Running without Consuming any caffeine
On this day, the person would be no caffeine consumed before going for running. The data collected on this day is as follows:

The readings obtained above are tabulated as follows:
Sr. no Condition before running Average speed Maximum speed Average pace Maximum pace Time taken
1. Consumption of coffee
2. Consumption of Redbull
3. Consumption of Pepsi
4. Non-consumption of caffeine

Data Interpretation
The data that has been collected through the observation and calculation of various elements as shown in the table above needs to be interpreted and evaluated for analysis and developing an outcome. Interpreting the data through formation of chart would help in obtaining the relationship and difference between the consumption of caffeine and running characteristics.

There are two main characteristics on the basis of which the data has been evaluated. The first characteristic or variable is the speed taken by the person during different days. It consists of average speed and maximum speed of the person during running. This has been shown in the chart below:

The second characteristic of the variable involves considering the time taken for the completion of the 1 km track by the person.

Thus, it can be seen that the time speed of the person is maximum when he has consumed Redbull and the time taken for completion of the track is also minimum during this condition. The speed is minimum and the time taken is maximum for the condition where there is no consumption of caffeine.
Conclusion/ Reflection
From the data that has been collected and the discussion carried above, it can be clearly seen that the efficiency of the person increases when he consumes caffeine. The speed of the person was maximum when he had consumed Redbull which has the highest amount of caffeine among all the other products taken. The speed is minimum for no consumption of caffeine. The speed is in the middle range for the conditions of medium consumption of caffeine as seen in the case of Pepsi and coffee. Thus, it is clearly evident that consumption of caffeine increases the speed of the person while running.
The time taken for completing the distance of 1 km or 0.64 miles is maximum for the condition when there is no consumption of caffeine. The time taken is minimum for the condition when Redbull has been consumed. Thus, it is clearly evident that consumption of caffeine reduces the time taken for completing the running track.
Thus, the hypothesis statement tends to be true where, from the above discussion, evaluation and analysis it can be stated that the more you consume caffeine, the faster you run

References
Dikos, Jackie R.D. (2014, September 14). How to Boost Long-distance Performance with CaffeineAdvice for using caffeine to enhance race results. Retrieved December 1, 2015, from http://www.runnersworld.com: http://www.runnersworld.com/rt-web-exclusive/how-to-boost-long-distance-performance-with-caffeine
Glaister, M., Howatson, G., Abraham, C., Lockey, R., Goodwin, J., Foley, P., & McInnes, G. (2008). Caffeine supplementation and multiple sprint running performance. . Medicine+ Science in Sports+ Exercise, 40(10), , 1835.
Harris, M. B. (1981). “RUNNERS’PERCEPTIONS OF THE BENEFITS OF RUNNING.” . Perceptual and Motor Skills 52, no. 1 , 153-154.
Ruxton, C. H. (2008). The impact of caffeine on mood, cognitive function, performance and hydration: a review of benefits and risks. . Nutrition Bulletin, 33(1), , 15-25.

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Posted on

March 9, 2018

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