Report on Research Methodology in For Diversity Management

Diversity Management: Research Methodology

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14-Oct-14


Contents
Research Question 1
Decided Approach 1
Search Strategy aligned with the Research 2
Research Methodology 4
Research Layout 5
Sampling 6
Data Analysis 6
Ethical Problems 7
Gantt chart 7
Bibliography 9

Research Question

For fully understanding the management of diversity what research methods can be possibly utilized in a workforce belonging to the public sector?

Decided Approach

For undertaking the method of quantitative research, it is mandatory to utilize numeric data. Diversity management is a topic of expansive range which makes it necessary to possess and use literature which is coherent with mixed type of methods accepted to carry out these methods. It also requires qualitative analysis by generating public opinion by communicating with the public as it is a public sector project. As the research is concerned with diversity management as workplaces and the strategies under use by the companies to tackle it and also about the methodologies and strategies are most appropriate for diversity management, the research defined from it will be of a subjective nature which will be covering a varied nature of aspects that will include diversity at workplaces. The nature of qualitative research nature needs interviews and questionnaires to be undertaken along with the help of a secondary research covering lots of existing sources accompanying both of them. The subject of diversity management has been undertaken by a long line of researchers who have carried out the task of laying down the groundwork which will be pivotal for most part of the research and along with that, there are various other theories that will be under consideration in order to execute the research for this project. In the current scenario diversity management has become so common for people to understand the vitality of the research for diversity management. Underlining the research for the sake of diversity management has become crucial to it becomes even more necessary to do that in case of “Watchingham County Council” in order to an aspired range of management in the matter of diversity for the workers working in the organization. The magnitude of importance of research for diversity management is under a lot of debate and it has been established that it differs from person to person. In order to attain a human element in the results of this research, we absolutely require the qualitative type of research for easy connectivity with the underlying concepts. (Long-Sutehall, Sque, & Addington-Hall) To attain a sense of clarity and getting an overall view of the subject at hand, qualitative analysis will help in the matter. Beside this, there is an underlying possibility of a case of difference of opinion and they way to resolve it would be useful that there is a vital flow of communication with the workforce attached to the project and it will open the possibilities of aid in research and the perspectives attached to it. To obtain the theoretical back bone that will be crucial during the analysis of this topic, secondary research has to be conducted. (Dricoll, 2011) This will also supply us with actual realistic instances of various organizations which attempt various strategies to manage diversity. To back up research with credibility and reliability, it is essential to gain beliefs and plans with the sufficient evidence. As there is no requirement for quantitative aspect in this line of research it we will have amalgamate primary and secondary research in a suitable manner.
Search Strategy aligned with the Research

For laying the foundation of the primary research, it is vital that secondary research is initiated first as it is known that the collective research involves both primary and secondary research. Secondary research is more vital because the line of questions prepared by the researcher is based on it for the conduction of primary research because of either one of them is not present, the situation of faulty information will arise. It becomes a prime necessity to acknowledge the topic at hand due to the fact that the secondary method of research will be considered as the basis of the research. The research question and the requirements for the project form the foundation of the project and due to that fact, the search terms are the basis for the search terms applied in the research. The basic strategy will continue on the basis of the fact that there is equal weightage applied to primary and secondary research. (Church, 2001) The creation and proper execution of questionnaires and surveys are required to understand the current condition of the diverse work environments which is necessary for the primary research. The objective of the research is not just to perceive the condition of the diverse workforce but to effectively assess and solve the condition which relies on the approach of the workforce referred to in context. The primary research supplies the researcher with fresh data which will prove to be highly efficient and will provide him with a superior level of relevancy related to the issue at hand and this disproves the belief that secondary research is more reliable than primary research. The results emerging out of the secondary research will be the basis for the primary research and for one of the key aspects of the data research portion of the project. The sources for this data extraction and collection will have to be the work of credible and notable writers who have underwent through the efforts of doing a lot of research on the subject with sufficient quantitative and qualitative data with a rational explanation providing a strong base for their views on the matter. (Nicholson & Bennett, 2008) It is not always possible to personally go to a library and scout for relevant books that fit the criteria for the research and there is a probability that it might not be available, to overcome that hurdle, it is advisable to conduct the research on that matter online and search for material through “Google Scholar” which provides relevant literary articles of every manner from reports to journal articles by noted authors that construct a platform for the researcher to carry out the research with an arsenal of relevant data to the subject. If books are required to further expand the range of the material for the research, a lot of books are available in the form of pdf files or e-books which can be searched through Google itself by providing relevant queries. It becomes even more paramount to take into consideration the models and strategies that the researcher applies that they are backed by a proper empirical research data to formulate a reliable path towards the removal of the problem and create an easy path for the adequate application in the workforce. Taking into account the instances of the previous author who have attempted to give a shape to the subject earlier and put them into perspective with the current line of research and the workforce in question and the facts have to be checked if they are relevant to the current situation and also that it is somehow connected to the public services section of any area. This process of fact checking will require the researcher to exclude the irrelevant data about the subject at hand to maintain the quality of the research and keep the material’s relativity in focus of the subject matter. Another point of concern would be to adhere to the factor that the data represents the heterogeneity required for this subject from the author of the article in question. This strategic approach of checking credibility would be one of the tasks that have to be executed while the insertion or deletion of the source material. For maintaining the integrity of the research, it calls for a critical evaluation of the originality and sustainability of the included articles and only the ones who stand that test should be allowed to be a part of the research data. (Weijun, 2008)
Research Methodology

The detailed description of the methodology utilized by the researcher to collect and implement the data used for the analysis in the research would be an accurate description of research methodology. Research methodologies are considered to be of an empirical nature relying on a paradigm which is entirely constructivist which requires the process to execute the task of covering multiple aspects of the research and also there should be an analysis regarding the question that they are connected to the research question in a subjective manner. The utility of a research methodology lies in the concept that a reader someday might want to refer the material for a study perspective or application related usage and a research methodology will help the user observe how the research was conducted and what were the paradigms of the research in order to look for relevance to his frame of reference. Another aspect of research methodology that helps the reader is the set of tools implemented to conduct the research which are also supposed to be mentioned in the research. (Degu & Yigzaw, 2006) As the dimensions of this research suggest that a qualitative research is going to be a major part of this research, the approach connected to this methodology will try to provide description of the process of extracting the information and separating relevant data from the collective dataset available to the researcher which made sure the data was relevant to the point that it belonged to the same scenario and related very well with the dynamics of the core subject. Another important analogy to be made from this would be to consider if the researcher’s questionnaires with data from the people add considerable value to the data already used in the research. (Holden & Lynch, 2008)
Research Layout

The accurate description of the relationship between a research data analysis and the sources of the data extracted to carry out the research will collectively describe a research layout. As the research in question is concerned with qualitative data research, there are two profound ways of carrying a research design. It contains the arguments discussions on which the analysis is based. Groundbreaking procedures like statistical procedures and sampling are housed in research design and the ways of carrying out this defined approach are:
1) Primary
This procedure of research is connected to the creation of the researcher’s own method of analysis which is executed with the aid of interviews, questionnaires, and surveys prepared by the researcher according to the pre-requisites of the research. Primary data are superiorly pivotal to this aspect of the research in contrast with references from old data which is a theory which can be pointed out from this definition. (Brikci & Green, 2007)
2) Secondary
This procedure of research on the complete utilization of resources that are existent and is done in a manner that relies on the research carried out by other researchers which is published and open for reference. The primary advantage of this method of research is that there are a lesser number of resource materials that are put into use for this procedure in comparison to the extent of resource usage observed in primary research. (Brikci & Green, 2007)
Sampling

Sampling is a statistical process in which the number of people involved in the study is reduced by fraction considering the requirements and limits of the research. This process is helpful in developing a decisive factor for determining the choice and the quantity of people which should be interviewed for the purpose of this research. It is an established fact the output of this method determines the credibility of the people involved in this research and helps in determining if the information obtained from the people is important to the research data. It is also believed that this process aids in bridging the gap between the interviewer and the interviewee as it stands as a pre-requisite for the process. The type of data to be included in the research by the researcher determines the criteria of the sampled data set. The impact and benefit of the present situation can be determined by the output of this process. (Ellis & Levy, 2009)
Data Analysis

A typically conducted research serves the purpose of making the reader go through the process of going through the literature and the theories discussed in the sources on which the analysis is based on. The hybrid nature of the end product is derived through an analysis based on the deductions obtained from the usage of different models. As this project is concerned with diversity, there will be an inclusion of a strategy which will help in creating an application for the organization which will help manage the diversity. This process involves the part where there is an interconnection between secondary data analysis and the interview results. The results of this process will be directly helpful in deciding what models are to be applied in cases and what strategies are most suitable for the research subject. Finally the most well fitted strategy will be implemented on the organization and would create a bridge between the research primary data and secondary data. (Dricoll, 2011)
Ethical Problems

The ethical issues regarding research arise when there is a dispute regarding the data collected through various different means. There is a necessity to understand the gravity of the answers recorded and the impact that rises from primary research. When the researcher collects data personally, it is always collected under the impression that the data is credible but that cannot be the case every time which is an often noticed disadvantage of primary research data collection. Sometimes the conclusion and results of a study might solely rely on the findings of the study which arrive from primary research and that are why it is of paramount importance to analyze the credibility of the data collected firsthand otherwise the base of a study becomes weak and the purpose of a study may become meaningless. (Holden & Lynch, 2008) The interviewees chosen for data collection should not do so in a biased state and should try to be as honest and clear as possible. There should be a provision during the preparation of the questionnaire that the questions asked during the interview should leave very less or no room for ambiguity in a study such as this considering the fact that the data collected is archived and referred for future generation and it requires to have the real data in the data set for any actual references. One of the most sensitive aspects to be considered about this study concerns with the ethnicity, race and culture of the study group and any amount of bias is forbidden and ill-advised. The risk of an ethical conundrum arising due to the collection of secondary data is imminent and confirming that it arrived from a credible source and its sanctity is preserved is an important task to achieve. The biggest ethical breach would be presenting other people’s work and presenting it as your own and it should never see the light of day.
Gantt chart

When there is requirement for the display of a task or a set of tasks done in a specific period of time, it is advisable to use the Gantt chart where it displays every significant task completed through a course of time. The time periods like the duration of work and the gaps of time are shown with lucidity with this method of charting. This method of charting the viewer a clear idea of time periods and how and entire process gets executed though various specific frames of time by displaying an overview of the tasks. (Nicholson & Bennett, 2008)

In relation with the project, the first task of planning the research consisting of things like forming strategies and utilizing other methods helpful in the process, It will take about 22 Days starting from 1st January to 13th January. The next process is in relation to performing research about the literature related to the management of diversity in the workforce which is an extremely important step for undertaking the process of secondary research which is basis of the primary research to be conducted in the later stages and this part of the process will last for 11 days consisting of activities like gathering material from internet and verifying their relevance and credibility.
The next step is formation of the questionnaire starting from 25th January which will mark the beginning of a rigorous process of designing the first activity of primary research which will require a lot of external and internal input and only after there has been enough approval the questions will get through to the final questionnaire which will be put into use to gather data in the stage of primary research. After the data gathering from the questionnaire, there will be a through data analysis over the data gathered starting from 15th February. This process also includes processes like literature analysis and an outcome evaluation for the ongoing project discussing the progress of the project.
After the 10 day data analysis, there will be interview sessions held inviting those who were found eligible according an algorithm developed after research. In the amount of time given to it which is around a week’s time, people will be interviewed and the data gathered from it will be documented for further processing. From 5th March, the process of evaluation will start on the basis of data gathered from the interviews which is the last step of primary research for the project. Following the detailed evaluation, members heading the study will gather to discuss and decide what will be an appropriate model which will be undertaken in a time of 6 days. The final stage of the project which is the process of finding out the appropriate strategy will be given a well-deserved and justified time period of 15 days after which the members leading the study will emerge with a strategy.
For the most part there is well allotted time for the processes to finish with due efforts the only slot which might get a bit tight might be the stage of coming to a decision about the appropriate model which might take some more days but there is an understood arrangement that if a process gets properly completed before time then the next phase will be initiated without wasting much time and will execute the process with due diligence.
Bibliography
Brikci, N., & Green, J. (2007). A Guide to Using Qualitative Research Methodology. London: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Church, R. M. (2001). The Effective Use of Secondary Data. Learning and Motivation , 32-45.
Degu, G., & Yigzaw, T. (2006). Research Methodology . University of Gondar .
Dricoll, D. L. (2011). Writing Spaces: Readings on Writing. Library of Congress.
Ellis, T. J., & Levy, Y. (2009). Towards a Guide for Novice Researchers on Research Methodology: Review and Proposed Methods. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology , 323-337.
Holden, M. T., & Lynch, P. (2008). Choosing the Appropriate Methodology:Understanding Research Philosophy.
Long-Sutehall, T., Sque, M., & Addington-Hall, J. (n.d.). Secondary analysis of Qualitative Data: A valuable method for exploring sensitive issues with an elusive population? Journal of Research in Nursing , 335-344.
Nicholson, S. W., & Bennett, T. B. (2008). Transparent Practices: Primary and Secondary Data in Business Ethics Dissertations. Journal of Business Ethics .
Weijun, T. (2008). Research Methods for Business Students. tANG wIEJUN.

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March 7, 2018

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