Research Paper on Stress


Stress
What is stress?
Stress can be defined as the feeling that is developed by the people when they are provided instability in the mental as well as physical balance (Subramaniam, 2010). Stress tends to be the reaction of the people when they are subjected to different and unsteady situations. Stress plays an important role in causing the feeling of motivation as well as depression depending on the way the person responds to it and treats it in their life (Fisher, 1988).
The feeling of stress is affected by the external factors as well as the inner perceptions of the person who is developing it. It tends to push the person to an altogether different level of mental state and provides them with the adrenaline rush to take it as a challenge and complete it (Gordon, 1994. ). Stress depends on the quality of work that the person is doing. It is more likely to occur and affect the mental state of the person when the person is burdened by a large amount of tasks which are out of his reach to be completed or when he thinks that they are above his capabilities in terms of the work and time restrictions that are required to be completed in the task (Luine, Villegas, Martinez, & McEwen, 1994).
Stress serves to be one of the major reason for over the top performance of the individual and at the same time for extremely poor performance of an individual. We need to understand that what causes this difference in terms of the results that are generated from stress (Pettinger, 2002). It, therefore needs to be studied and analysed in terms of its effect on the individual’s mental and physical state that affects the capabilities of the individual to perform the task in either in a successful way or lead to a failure of the task.

While observing the effects of the stress, analysis and evaluation have to be made to understand the impact of the stress that is developed in an individual. There are two types of stress on the basis of the effects that it produces and they are (Selye, 1974):
• Positive stress:
It refers to the stress that has a positive effect on the human psychology that helps him to perform positively. This type of stress is also very commonly known as “Eustress” which comes from the Greek origin which refers to “good”. In this type of stress, the person gets the adrenaline rush and takes the task that has created the feeling of stress as a challenge to be completed. This boosts the performing capability of the individual and provides him with the vision and ability to see beyond all the odds and complete the task and emerge as a winner in successfully completing the task and achieving the goal set by him.
For example: The stress that is created in the athletic people for performing their best in sports events pushes them with the urge to perform better against all the obstacles that are present in their track. It provides the required adrenaline to the sportsperson and this challenges them to complete the task and achieve their goal.
Thus, it is found that that positive stress boosts the thinking and working capacity of the individual. It also provides them with the vision to look beyond the odds and achieve miraculous things. Positive stress not only provides a boost to the performance, but also leads to great increase in the level of self-confidence and self-belief of an individual with respect to himself and imposes greater trust on the individual from the other people (Lazarus & Launier, 1978). This motivates the individual to push himself for the next challenge.

• Negative stress:
It refers to the stress that produces a negative effect on the human psychology. It is also very commonly known as “distress” which comes from the Latin origin which refers to “disagreement”. In this type of stress, the person gets the anxiety in the form of worries and takes the task that has created the feeling of stress as impossible to be completed. This restrains the performing capability of the individual and provides him with the vision and ability to consider all the odds that may actually be in the way or may be created due to his inner perceptions. This tends to break the morale and hope of the person to perform the task within the time frame and in the required manner (Manning & Curtis, 1988).
For example: In a company which produces clothes and involves many functions to be carried out manually, there is an urgent consignment that they have to deliver within a very tight deadline. This creates positive as well as negative stress among the individuals depending on the way they perceive and react to it. Persons that would develop stress would take it as a burden and would develop excuses for not performing the tasks as required. They might also keep the quality of the production at stake with the urge of completing the task with negative stress in his mind (Work-related stress, risk management and Management Standards, 2004). This would leave him frustrated and can also lead to his illness.
Thus, it can be seen that negative stress tends to develop a psychology that contributes to the failure of the individual in completing the task and achieving the goal that has been set.

What causes it?
There are various reasons that are external as well as internal that leads to development of stress in an individual. We have seen the types of stress, but there are various elements that are responsible for creating a particular effect of stress and the way it is perceived (Cooper & Payne, 1988). These factors are as follows:
• Anxiety:
It is a feeling that is developed in the mind of an individual when he comes across a stressful situation. It is good if anxiety is controlled to a level that it does not harm the performance levels. But, if this feeling is developed intensely than it may lead to development of unnecessary and negative stress in an individual (Steptoe, 1989).
• Unexpected events:
This refers to the occurrence of events or incidents that were not at all expected by the individual. He does not have any idea about how he has to react on it and this leaves him stressed. This also breaks his morale and disturbs his emotions if it is perceived negatively by the individual (Steptoe, 1989).
• Sudden pressure:
It refers to the sudden load or pressure that the organization or the senior imposes on the individual. If the pressure is not handled properly, it affects the ability of the person to do the work effectively and provide accurate results as and when required (Steptoe, 1989).
• Negative mind set:
It refers to the perception and frame of mind of the person when he comes across any situation in his life. This is one of the most significant reason for development of stress. It refers to the attitude that a person will develop while he faces a particular situation and a person who will be pessimist will tend to overstress himself by always seeing the negative side of the situation (Steptoe, 1989).
• Emotional imbalance:
It is the unstable mental state of an individual when he faces a situation. This may lead to the overstressing of the individual due to his flow of emotions that might not even be related to the situation (Colder, 2001, ).
• Initial Over excitement:
It refers to the stage when the situation makes an individual over excited and after sometime due to his incapability or acceptance of the real situation leaves the individual distressed. This reduces the hope of the individual and also breaks his morale to perform the task (Colder, 2001, ).
• Low self-belief and self-confidence:
It is a state of mind where a person tends to develop unnecessary stress and overstress himself due to his lack of belief and confidence in himself. He thinks that he is not capable to perform the task and the required thing and this leaves him distressed (Colder, 2001, ).
• Unclear vision:
It refers to a lack of understanding and unclear vision in the mind of the person who is going to perform the task. It develops stress as the individual is not aware about the significance and positive effects of the tasks in the form of benefits and takes it as a burden to be completed which leads to the development of stress (Colder, 2001, ).
Thus, the causes that we have derived leads to two levels of stress which are:
“Hypostress which is understress” and” Hyperstress, which is overstress”. It is found that both the type of stresses affect the ability of an individual to do the work and develop unnecessary stress in his mind (Selye, 1974).

References
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Cooper, C., & Payne, R. (1988). Causes, coping, and consequences of stress at work. . Chichester:: Wiley.
Fisher, S. (1988). Perspectives on stress and stress-related topics. Biological Psychology, 275-278.
Gordon, A. (1994. ). Organizational stress and stress management programs. International Journal of Stress Management, , 309-322.
Lazarus, R. S., & Launier, R. (1978). Stress-Related Transactions between Person and Environment. Perspectives in Interactional Psychology, 287-327.
Luine, V., Villegas, M., Martinez, C., & McEwen, B. (1994). Repeated stress causes reversible impairments of spatial memory performance. Brain Research, 167-170.
Manning, G., & Curtis, K. (1988). Stress without distress. Cincinnati, Ohio: Vista Systems.
Pettinger, R. (2002). Stress management. . Oxford, U.K.: Capstone Pub.
Selye, H. ( 1974). Stress without distress. Philadelphia: : Lippincott.
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Subramaniam, S. (2010). Stress. Chandigarh, India:: Abhishek Publications.
Work-related stress, risk management and Management Standards. (2004). Work & Stress,, 89-90.

Skills

Posted on

March 9, 2018

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