Risk Assessment Report on Potential Risks to School Children

Introduction 2
Definitions 2
Purpose behind managing safety and health 3
Child Protection Council 3
Potential Risks to Children 4
Neglect 4
Emotional Neglect 4
Physical Neglect 5
Purposeful Harm 5
Problem Assessment in the Daniel Case 6
Changes made in the Child Protection Council 7
Conclusion 10


Risk assessment is the key to safety in any organization or institution. Risk Assessment is an examination of what can possibly harm people in a certain environment or premise. This process sheds light on some precautions which can be undertaken to solve safety problems and reduce probability of injury or damage to a person of in a scenario which in this case is a school or an environment which houses a child.
Accidents in such a premise can cause dire consequences to life and property and cause monetary damage. It is actually a legal requirement to form such a process of risk assessment which is to be done by and employer or a manager of an organization. In the scenario of a school, this type of responsibility rests on the shoulders of a head teacher or a governor going on the type of the organization it is.
In the context of schools sometimes these risk assessments follow as guidelines for the staff.


Risk: Risk can be defined as likelihood for an event to occur which can damage persons or the surrounding environment. It sometimes relies on the amount of people that can be potentially affected from this event.
Hazard: A hazard can be a situation or an element which can prove harmful in the future to people or property. It is potentially harmful to the surrounding people and environment. It can be work equipment or a method of executing an activity.
Risk Assessment: A Risk Assessment related to finding the origin of the risk and taking appropriate to alleviate the risk possibility to a possible minimum. The employee is supposed to apply some control measures to minimize the risk in the given the situation.
Safety Management System: A safety management fulfills the role of the formation of an organizational structure which plans activities and forms responsibilities for managing the safety of the school environment and people.
Purpose behind managing safety and health

It is an ethical, moral and social responsibility to form a safety management system to prevent risks in the premise which houses children. A school is a delicate environment which is to be maintained, cleaned, and kept safe for children. There is also a food section which is to be kept particularly clean for health and safety purposes. It should also be guarded against criminal elements as the lives of children depend on the school and their safety is a prime concern because when the parents send their children to school, the responsibility of the children is handed down on the school.
The safety and health management is an important is an important process as it performs the task of promoting safety standards for the organization. It provides information to the staff about the safety measures to be applied in the premises. It helps provide resources to ensure the safety and welfare of the school.

Child Protection Council

This Council will work beyond the bounds of schools. Child Protection agencies are basically created to ensure the well-being of a child in his environment. Every child in the system is monitored if the child is in safe hands and being nurtured and not tortured. The Child protection agency monitors children residing in orphanages, homes, schools and in any other possible way of residence to make sure the child is being treated in a proper manner. It preaches that a child is not supposed to be hit. The child protection agency works in schools by inquiring the kid’s parents, teacher and the kid itself about the treatment and growth of the kid. (Munro, 2011) Due to the arising issues of child neglect, there is a grave necessity of Child Protection Agencies and their successful application in the society possibly reaching out to every child.
The ultimate issue which gave rise to an urgent need of child protection councils is serious case reviews. This suggests that a child has died due to neglect in his own environment and the people responsible for the child showed no concern to its well-being. (Serious Case Reviews, n.d.)

Potential Risks to Children

Children are a delicate part of the society and when their security and safety is in jeopardy then it is indeed a grave issue. Children are prone to neglect, injury, infection and crime. Taking care of all of these factors is a very huge and diverse task with a step by step procedure.

Children can face neglect either in an educational institution or in his own environment. Neglect is of two types-
Emotional Neglect

This type of neglect occurs in a school as well as a residential environment. It practically means that a child is being neglected socially. If a child is not being talked to in his environment and how he/she is allowed to grow socially, it can be counted as a emotional neglect towards the child. This type of neglect can be seen by talking to the child or sensing rebellion by the child towards the staff or by seeing patterns of depression in the behavior of the child. It is caused by not talking to the child as needed about his/her personal life and showing no interest in them. Eventually they start feeling neglected and face emotional neglect.
Physical Neglect

Physical Neglect means total neglect regarding the welfare of the child. If a child is not properly fed, not being watched or taken care of, not being sent to school responsibly then it can be counted as physical neglect. This is the worst possible kind of behavior bring projected towards a child in some cases. Even though some children live with their parents and relatives still they face this kind of neglect. This can cause the child to get malnutrition, damaged or even cause the child to die out of mishandling or starvation. This is one of the gravest issues and due to real live examples; it has motivated many countries of the world to form child protection councils for the protection of the well being of such kind of children and their safety. (Child Neglect, n.d.)

Across Britain, recently there reports of families facing poverty and not being able sustain the health and care of their own child. Some of these parents give their child to orphanages while some of these parents try to cope up with the children while failing to do so and ending up damaging the child’s health being unable to feed them regularly. (‘In the Eye of the Storm’ and the most vulnerable children’s fight for survival, n.d.)

Purposeful Harm

This type of harm is a grave crime. If a child is hit, mistreated and hurt by his own guardians then it is a purposeful harm done on the child by the guardian in reference. The example of Daniel Pelka which opened people’s eyes regarding a new level of cruelty evident in the society and how disregard of society towards the child itself can result into dire consequences. Due to this and more examples like this, people began to question the current method of monitoring and started to form sophisticated methods of governing and managing child care on a strict basis. Child Care services have been working actively in many countries but not in the developing and underdeveloped countries. Child Care also helps when an event of a divorce arises and takes care of the child until the disputes are settled in the court of law. This type of purposeful harm to a child is illegal by all means and should be discouraged and reported if seen.

Problem Assessment in the Daniel Case

No tracking of child’s health kept by any of the authorities: When Daniel was going through his bad time, the school didn’t pay heed to the children’s weight or neither did they pay attention to them personally otherwise they would have come to know about the wounds on his body and reported the authorities but by the time they found, it was too late.
Poor communication standards and lack of communication between the authorities led to no proper pace in the situation of Daniel and it became one of the huge factors why it was never found in time that the perpetrator was his mother and step-father.
Information exchange went to no good use as all the institutes and governing bodies used different modes of communication which proved a big hurdle in the Daniel Pelka Case.
Even though at a point of time it was clear that Daniel was injured due to a reason then the governing bodies failed to form a proper strategy to deal with the case and go to its root to recue Daniel.
No Family Records: Community Health Services failed to produce a record of Daniel’s family in time. There was also no full picture of Daniel’s family otherwise the criminals would have been caught even earlier.
Lack of Effective Management: There was a lack of effective management noticed in the child’s social care due to below average facilities and undertrained staff. (Wonnacott & Watts, 2014)

After the council achieved clarity regarding the need for groundbreaking changes in the department, these changes were made in the council:

Changes made in the Child Protection Council

• Training Sessions for Staff organized by multiples agencies were imparted to optimize the identification of cases which involve emotional neglect and abuse.
• A notification is provided to the school body when a case of domestic abuse is filed against any members of a student’s family.
• A new system for filtering and identifying cases of domestic violence was put into action.
• Introduction of meetings which are held regularly between schools and family to constantly check the condition of student’s growth and welfare were introduced.
• Introduction of early intervention for the families for the families which are in requirement of an intervention
• Increment in the number of staff members in the council was done to facilitate smooth working in any case.
• New and comparatively consistent method introduced to record events happening with the children. (Wonnacott & Watts, 2014)

Risk Potential Impact Likelihood of Occurrence Mitigation Plan
Non-Availability of Resources Medium Medium Recommended
Poor Communication High Medium Strongly Recommended
Improper Communication Modes Medium Low Recommended
Lack of Co-ordination between organizations High Medium Strongly Recommended
Lack of availability of professionals High High Strongly Recommended
Lack of Staff Medium High Strongly Recommended

Risk Recommendation Mitigation
Lack of Staff Strongly Recommended Admission of new staff can immediately alleviate some problems
Lack of Availability of Professionals Strongly Recommended Either the present staff can be trained or new professional staff will be able to solve the problem
Lack of Co-ordination between organizations Strongly Recommended Proper communication channel and new guidelines will promote smooth communication between the two departments.
Improper communication modes Recommended Standardization of a common channel between all the departments will solve this problem
Non- Availability of Resources Recommended Provision to stock up on resources in advance will help the cause
Poor Communication Strongly Recommended Proper training in communicating with children will benefit this


It can be concluded From this mitigation that the cause of child protection and safety should be promoted at all cost and rigorous steps are necessary for the well being of the children in risk due to the neglect and disregard by some people. Child protection is necessary for every child out there as every child has a right to a good life of progress and well-being ahead of him. These concluded mitigations should prove useful to fix the situation and take it at least one step further.

Child Neglect. (n.d.). Retrieved June 28, 2014, from http://www.americanhumane.org/: http://www.americanhumane.org/children/stop-child-abuse/fact-sheets/child-neglect.html
‘In the Eye of the Storm’ and the most vulnerable children’s fight for survival. (n.d.). Retrieved June 28, 2014, from http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/: http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/what-we-do/policy-and-lobbying/children-risk/children-facing-multiple-risk-factors
Munro, E. (2011). The Munro Review of Child Protection: final report, a child-centred system. London: Crown.
Serious Case Reviews. (n.d.). Retrieved June 28, 2014, from http://www.coventrylscb.org.uk/: http://www.coventrylscb.org.uk/prof_scr.html


Posted on

March 8, 2018

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