Essay on Global Role and Awareness of Career and Technical Education

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Global Role and Awareness of Career and Technical Education
There are many benefits of inculcating global independence through acquiring career and technical education in international universities and institutions. There have been many improvements and modifications made in the international curriculum across the globe which would provide large number of opportunities to the individuals. There is a need to develop a global outlook in the international field of education and training. This is due to the development of the global economy and growth of international trade.
The effectiveness of training and education in cross-cultural exposure has been evaluated through examples of agricultural and other fields. There are many international comparisons which show the number of students who are pursuing different courses in the foreign countries. It has been obtained through the number of youth involved in vocational curriculum, in postsecondary level and at university level for different countries across the globe.
It also states the western influence in the field of career and technical education for imbibing vocational education in their curriculum. However, it can be seen that it is not suitable for developing countries due to the high costs involved in setting up of training and learning centers of vocational education. There are many differences in opinion of the people from different countries regarding the utilization of vocational training. Many countries have identified that it is not suitable for their students as it involves many complexities in it like unavailability of proper faculty, high cost courses and very less adoption of technology in the courses.
References
Johnson, D. W. Interpersonal Effectiveness and Self-Actualization. `. New Jersey: Pearson Education publication., 2014. print.

Essay on Gamification of Education – Using Video Games and Animation for Education Purpose

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Gamification and Changing the World
Introduction
In the 21st century, the level and quality of animation and graphics have reached great heights. It has a major contribution on the development of various video games for the kids where there are an increasing number of games that are based on providing learning and knowledge regarding useful things to the kids.
Discussion:
The effects of the games are discussed below:
Are Video games a waste of time?
Video games are not actually waste of time if they are utilized with proper guidance. Parental guidance or guidance from any other elders should be provided to the kids while they select a video game for playing.
Why or why not?
It should be made sure that the video games that the kids play does not contain violence, adult content and other forms of destruction and robbery. Video games tend to be a waste of time for the kids as the time during the childhood is the best time for learning. So, wise choices have to be made from the adult’s side to make sure that video games do not result simply into a waste of time.
Example of how video games are used in education
There are many educational video games available in the market, both online as well as offline. Reach for the Sun is one such game that has been taken into consideration (FILAMENT GAMES.COM, 2016).
Evaluating the game
It is a very interesting game in which there is a single player who controls the entire process of growth of plant right from the seeds to collection of new seeds from it. There are three main resources available for that task and they are starch, water and nutrients. It provides a complete and upfront knowledge regarding the different stages of plant growth and how new plants are grown from the seeds present in the flowers through pollen grains. All the seeds from the plants are to be collected before the outbreak of winter.
Graphics
The graphics are very interesting and child friendly. Multiple colors are used and the transition between the stages of growth is shown beautifully.
Sound and development
The sound is very light and motivational. It has perfect timing of sound for the different stages of growth that are observed during the growth of the plant in the game.
Fulfillment of Education purpose and application in the real world:
The game is very educational as it helps the kids to learn the entire process of growth of plants from seeds. The process of development of flowers, leaves and other such parts have been shown through effective learning and creative cartoons and animations have been displayed throughout the game. It helps in active learning and involvement of the kids during the entire scientific process of growth of plants (FILAMENT GAMES.COM, 2016) .

Bibliography
FILAMENT GAMES.COM. (2016). Reach For the Sun. Retrieved from https://www.filamentgames.com/: https://www.filamentgames.com/plant-structure-and-processes-unit-reach-for-the-sun

Guide on Approaches to Qualitative Research

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Discussion one
Describe a Case Study Approach
Case study refers to the displaying of the results and publishing it after carrying an extensive research and evaluation carried out on specific individuals or groups or a specific population within a specified region over a period of time. It helps in identifying the different attributes and parameters that were prevalent in a particular condition. A case study is very helpful and vital in determining the effects and causes of a historical event that has been witnessed by the people in specific countries across the globe (Yin, 2003).
Justification for or against a Case Study Approach
A case study of the following event could help in having a proper understanding of the details that led to the outbreak of this disease and the pattern in which it spread like a ball of fire and took large number of lives in London itself. It was the outburst of plague in London in 1660’s. It is the last highly effective epidemic that had out broken in England and it is the form of the Bubonic plague. It emerged from European countries and spread like a wild fire to the west, in London. It is also called as the “Great Plague” as it took lives of about 100,000 people in London (Porter, 2009). Case study is indeed a good method for researching on a historical event as it provides with an in-depth research and analysis of an extremely rare phenomena like this.
Reflection:
The only measure that has to be taken while carrying a case study on the Great Plague event is that the information that has to be collected regarding the event has to be unhampered and genuine and interpretation of the information has to be carried out in an unbiased way. Case study helps in evaluating even the smallest factors which were responsible for the outbreak or led to contributing in the spread of this disease (Yin, 2003).
Discussion two
Semiotics and Hermeneutics are two different approaches to carry a case study.
Describe Hermeneutics
Hermeneutics refers to the interpretation of the data and sources through the texts and other textual forms of arts (Maas, 1910). It is very significant as it provides the analysis of the situation through evaluation of the texts.
Describe Semiotics
Semiotics involves evaluating the signs and the symbols and pictures for interpreting the data or sources available that would help in obtaining a proper and clear understanding of the case that has been taken for studying (Danesi & Rocci, 2009). Semiotics would help in evaluating through the use of pictures, signs and symbols.
Hence, it can be stated both of them play a significant role in evaluating the data and analyzing it for developing a case study.
Justification of one choice:
Semiotics will not be appropriate for explaining or evaluating this historical event and develop a correct and reliable case study. It is because the psychology of the children or the people who have given such signs, symbols and pictures has to be obtained for accurately evaluating it and that is not possible. Hermeneutics would help in developing an accurate and reliable evaluation as it provides direct interpretation of the condition during that time. Thus, it can be stated that Hermeneutics are better form of qualitative approaches to a case study which involves studying a historical event.
Reflection
“Ring around the Rosie” is a very famous rhyme which we have been singing in our childhood and it has its recorded history in 1790. It has a painful history to it as believed by many of the historians, authors and researchers. Its meaning has always been debated. One of the most common and widely accepted meaning of the rhyme states that it describes the period in London when there was an outbreak of the Great Plague which has been described above (Ligon, 2006). The words in the rhyme reflect the condition that was prevailing during the times of this epidemic in London. Hermeneutics would be the best form of case study approach that would help in developing an accurate and qualitative research of the historical event.

References
Danesi, M., & Rocci, A. (2009). Approaches to applied semiotics. . Global linguistics: An introduction .
Ligon, B. L. (2006). Plague: a review of its history and potential as a biological weapon. In Seminars in pediatric infectious diseases, 161-170.
Maas, A. (1910). Hermeneutics. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. .
Porter, S. (2009). The great plague. Amberley Publishing.
Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research: Design and methods. . Thousand Oaks CA: Sage. .

Essay on Learning as an Outcome of Memory Structures and Process

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Learning as an Outcome of memory structures and process.
Brain serves to be the most important element in determining the memory structures and generating or recalling processes on the basis of which learning is carried out. However, there is limited dependence of the learning process on the memory of a person. There are various parts of a brain among which home places are used for storing of memory and recollecting it whenever required. The process of learning is somewhat based on this process of memory allocation and regeneration performed by the brain in all the individuals (Lee & Seung, 1999).
The relationship between the usage of memory and the process of learning has always been a matter of debate that has been discussed and researched by the scientists, psychologists and doctors. There is undoubtedly a proven connection between the memory and the process of learning as there are many sections in the brain which contribute to the process of learning with the help of memory storing and recalling. The various sections of the brain that are related with the storing of memory and its usage for the process of learning are as follows:
Frontal lobe: It is the part located at the back side of the brain and lies in front of the cerebral hemisphere. This part processes the ‘short term memory’ that are developed in an individual. Through this part, learning is carried out regarding the recent activities and experiences which are stored in this part of the brain.
Cerebellum: It is also known as the “little brain” and is located below the cerebral region. It stores the procedural memory which relates to the carrying out of tasks on a regular basis. There is no specific new learning required in these activities.
Limbic and Cortical systems: This part of the brain is known for storing the memory of the events and occasions that have been witnessed by an individual over a period of time. It helps the individuals to learn about themselves and develop a sequential memory of the events that had occurred in their lives (Gagne & White, 1978).
But, there are other parts of the brain, too where, very less amount or no amount of memory is stored and learning is carried out through the development and action of the neurons present in the brain. These neurons develop an advanced system in the brain which helps it to take quick and responsive decisions and also learn different things through it (Cohn, Ghahramani, & Jordan, 1996).
The influence and the impact of memory on the learning process has been outlived by many examples across the world. There have been many people in the history who were able to efficiently learn new things inspite of losing their memory and vision in many cases. These mental disorders are occurring due to the any kind of accidents or sudden impact on the head which results in damaging a portion of the brain. The damaged portion results in loss of memory. However, even after all this loss of memory, an individual was found to be learning new things and being able to utilize their potential to the fullest. One such example of such unique case is Henry Molaison, who is also known as “HM”, and was suffering from a memory disorder which led to the loss of his memory regarding the events which were not very recent. However, this loss of memory did not curb his efficiency of learning new things and activities in his day-to-day life. (Anderson, 2000).
Thus, it can be observed through the study of the cases that the process of learning is not completely based on the memory processes that are being carried out in the brain.
References
Anderson, J. R. (2000). Learning and memory.
Cohn, D. A., Ghahramani, Z., & Jordan, M. I. (1996). Active learning with statistical models. . Journal of artificial intelligence research.
Gagne, R. M., & White, R. T. (1978). Memory structures and learning outcomes. Review of Educational Research, 187-222.
Lee, D. D., & Seung, H. S. (1999). Learning the parts of objects by non-negative matrix factorization. . Nature, 401(6755), 788-791.

Essay on Research Mthedology, Strategy and Approach

Contents
Methodology 2
Research Strategy 2
Quantitative Research 2
Qualitative Research 2
Primary analysis 2
Secondary analysis 3
Research Approach 3
Primary Research 3
Data collection Method 5
Data Analysis 6
Sampling Method 6
Ethical Consideration 6
References 7

Methodology
Research Strategy
Research can be termed as a systematic method of scientifically collection of data and information on a specific subject. The objective of performing a research is to collect large amount of useful data on a specific subject as well as obtain solutions of a pending topic which includes many problems involved in its systematic interpretation and analyses.
Developing research strategy is a process where one defines a particular condition which may be problems associated to it or simple data collection, followed by refining the conditions and factors involved, developing hypothesis, collection of related information, interpreting it and systematic evaluation of the data leading to the development of an optimum solution to the problem or condition (Kahn, 2005).
Quantitative Research
Quantitative Research constitutes of the research that involves measurement or involves numerical analysis involving collection of statistical data and its analysis. It involves studying of the numerical data and evaluating it to describe the topic. (Newman, 1998)
Qualitative Research
Qualitative Research constitutes of developing a research based on quality or characteristics of a specific topic and developing a collection of the responses and information for evaluation and obtaining a conclusion on the basis of the hypothesis analysed. It also includes Attitude research which involves collection of various opinions from different people which helps to develop a hypothesis on human behaviour. (Newman, 1998)
Primary analysis
It is the analysis prepared first hand by the researcher owing to his understanding, evaluation and data collected and the hypothesis developed by him on the basis of known statistics. It is the most fresh information and data that is collected on a specific topic and serves as a base for secondary analysis. There are limited sources for referring and obtaining the data. (Glass, 1976)
Secondary analysis
It is an analysis that is performed after the primary analysis by considering the conclusion and the results of the first analysis as a reference. It may be carried by the same individual who has performed primary analysis or by another individual with the objective to improve or update the earlier analysis with more effective statistical methods. (Glass, 1976)
Research Approach
It refers to the approach that we are going to follow while executing the research on the topic. As we have discussed above, there are two types of research that are possible and we are going to develop a primary research from the topic because it is customized for the electronic product market in UAE and has to be filled by the people of a specific region (Muijs, 2010). The method and its details of the research that would be carried out is discussed below.
Primary Research
In the research, we are going to observe the people in UAE who are the potential market f or the development of the electronic product store in UAE. We would try to get that responses regarding the choice and preference of the people in UAE about the purchase of products and their consideration of brand value. We can collect the data from the employees in either a quantitative method or by using a qualitative one. We would be interviewing the people only in UAE due to certain restrictions and limitations and hence it would be quantitative type of method to be carried out during the research. It is observed that by developing quantitative type of research, we would be getting the response of the maximum number of people and we can develop a study on the basis of these facts and figures that will be obtained (Muijs, 2010).
There are 17 questions (Appendix) that we have developed for the research through questionnaire. First question is selective kind of question and the other 16 questions are developed with Likert scale as their options for answering them.
We have used Questionnaire for carrying the analysis as it will help in collecting and recording information in a more precise way. It involves development of few questions that are directly related to the description of the topic. This will help in having a better understanding of the topic. This type of method is developed during the quantitative kind of research because they are directly providing the numbers. The answers are very specific and do not require a special evaluation. It is in the form of Likert scale which will help to understand the interest and attitude of the people that attempt to fill the questionnaire and develop an analysis of their psychology regarding to the purchasing of products that they make. These questionnaires can be filled by the people in different ways ranging from face to face filling to telephonic filling and from postal filling to the electronic filling of the questionnaires. The first two type of surveys are to be executed through conducting an appointment or small kind of interview of the person, whereas the last two kinds of questionnaire filling is carried out by themselves that is, by the people themselves whenever they can spare sometime for it (Muijs, 2010).
The questionnaire kind of research that we are using has various advantages over other forms of research like group study and interview as it will help to reach more number of people within a short period of time. The method of research is very easy and requires oneself to provide the questionnaires to the people and they would send the same after filling it. There are few things that are to be observed while preparing a questionnaire and they are:
 One should always break the ice with the person who is going to fill the questionnaire by introducing himself to the person and making the other person understand about the confidentiality and ethical concerns that are attached with the questionnaire.
 The pattern of questions should be following a particular theme and should be precisely connected to the topic. The formation of sentences should be simple and clear that would help in easy understanding of the questionnaire for the people (Muijs, 2010).
 The respondent should be able to connect with the questions and hence the questions should be up to mark and not outdated. They should be following the current trend that is being observed in the industry that is being taken under observation which in our case is the electronic product industry.
 The questions should be easy to understand and the people should be able to connect to the subject of the questionnaire.
 The people who are taken under observation for the filling of the questionnaire have to be from different fields and age group. This will ensure to develop a critical understanding of the all the categories of people that are filling the questionnaires (Muijs, 2010).
It is seen that considering larger number of responses from the people is more appropriate than considering fewer number of people for the questionnaire. This helps in reducing the effort that is required in the critical understanding of the answers of the people on individual level and helps in attaining a bulk responses of the people for the subject. In the quantitative type of research, large number of questionnaires are to be expected to be answered by the people (Delport, 2005). It should be seen that questionnaires should not be used where an in depth and critical understanding, evaluation and analysis of the subject is required to be done. While providing the questionnaires to the people, there is a certain amount of allowance to be kept in mind. For example, if we require 500 questionnaires to be filled for the survey, then we would be sending to about 600 people understanding the fact that all the people would not respond in the same way for filling up the questionnaires.
The questionnaire that we are going to develop and use for the survey has certain advantages which hare mentioned below:
 They help to reach a larger number of people within a short period of time.
 The large number of people can be reached for the questionnaire at a very low cost as compared to other methods.
 The people who are filling the questionnaires have the flexibility of time to fill the questionnaires as per their convenient time (Delport, 2005).
 It helps to cover a wide range and category of people irrespective of their age, gender and standard of living.
 When developing a face to face questionnaires there are advantages of selecting specific people that according to us would be appropriate and favourable to answer the questionnaire (Delport, 2005).
 The data is more reliable as it follows direct opinions of the respondents that is developed largely on the basis of their likes and dislikes.
Data collection Method
The questionnaire that we have used for the research help in getting the data in a mathematical way through collection of numbers in the form of responses of the people. This kind of method has been suggested by Delport in his works in 2005 (Delport, 2005). The questions that we have developed and used in the questionnaire would help in understanding the likes and the attitude of the people while they are looking to purchase an electronic equipment
Data Analysis
Hence, the method which we would be using would be involving statistical analysis of the responses that are obtained. It helps to understand and analyse their opinion and it would help in estimating their behaviour in the future and would provide us with a chance to develop strategies accordingly.
Sampling Method
The method that we use for collecting the data is described and the means that we use for selecting that particular method is termed as sampling. The sampling of a survey refers to the medium or the selection that we make for the execution of the research. In this case, we are going to use a mix of simple random sampling and cluster sampling. In simple random sampling we would be sending the questionnaires to as many people as we can irrespective of their age, gender and location (Delport, 2005). On the other hand, we would also select the area where we are planning to develop the store and we would specifically target at collecting data from the people around that locality that will benefit us in the future sales of the product.
Ethical Consideration
During the answering of the questionnaire, we are going to make sure that:
 The data that is going to be collected is going to be confidential and the views or opinions of the people involved in it will not be disclosed.
 The identity of the people that are filling the questionnaires will not be disclosed.
 It observes honesty where all the research and the survey that is done by the researcher is genuine and is not tampered or created artificially by any other means.

References
Delport, C. S. (2005). Quantitative data collection methods. . De Vos.
Glass, G. V. (1976, november). Primary, Secondary, and Meta-Analysis of Research. Educational Researcher, 5, 3-8. Retrieved july 22, 2014, from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1174772?uid=3738256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104370889707
Kahn, K. (2005). Research Methodology. In K. Kahn, New Product Development (pp. 43-50). Springer US. Retrieved july 22, 2014, from http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/0-387-23273-7_3
Muijs, D. (2010). Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS. London: SAGE Publications.
Newman, I. (1998). Qualitative-quantitative Research Methodology: Exploring the Interactive Continuum. SIU Press. Retrieved july 22, 2014, from http://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=xumf1ABFz8cC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=research+methodology+and+its+types&ots=NEZAAWBHZO&sig=TivmVKTy0pby3fd9CZXpwrtRTBQ#v=onepage&q=research%20methodology%20and%20its%20types&f=false